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The Advanced Diploma in Shariah provides a deep understanding of how rulings are derived from Quran and Sunnah. It enables a student to understand the Islamic legislation from the point of view of a scholar. This course revolves around the study of Fiqh and its sciences.
Shariah literally means a well-worn path to a water source, and Islamically, it is a term that is used to describe Islam as a complete way of life. Water is essential to human life and the religion of Islam is essential to complete spiritual wellbeing. Thus, Shariah is a set of laws that provide a clear and straight path to fulfilment in this life and success in the Hereafter.
The Shariah is made up of commandments, rules and regulations that are designed by God to protect and benefit all of humankind. It is true that the Shariah does encompass a penal code and system of law but that is only one aspect of it. It also provides the framework for a functioning society with specific moral, ethical, social and political codes of conduct. The Shariah allows each individual to form an ongoing relationship with God. Its laws provide the guidance humankind requires so that good will triumph over evil.
The Shariah covers two main areas, worship and worldly matters. In both, the scholars of Islam generally agree that mercy is its overriding principle. God says in the Quran that Prophet Muhammad, may the mercy and blessings of God be upon him, was not sent except as a mercy to humankind. (Quran 21:107) Prophet Muhammad reiterated this concept when he told his followers that “God shows mercy to those who have mercy on others. Show mercy to those on earth, and the One above the heaven will show mercy to you.”
The Shariah is derived from the primary sources of Islam, the Quran and the authentic Sunnah, or teachings, of Prophet Muhammad. The Quran gives us the main principles while the Sunnah provides the details of their application. For example, when the Quran tells us to establish the prayer, we must turn to the Sunnah in order to understand the details of how to pray. The Shariah also includes scholarly consensus, legal analogy and interpretive reasoning. This allows the Shariah to remain relevant in changing social and cultural circumstances.